Skip to main content

Table 1 Some of the studies that focusing on control of refractory ICH with ELD

From: Some cool considerations of external lumbar drainage during its widespread application in neurosurgical practice: a long way to go

First author Year Type of study No. of patients Age group Outcome Complications during ELD
CH Meningitis
Baldwin HZ [14] 1991   5 Children Significant decrease in ICP (3) 0 0
Survived (3)
GOS ≥4 (2)
Levy DI [15] 1995 Retrospective 16 Children Significant decrease in ICP (14) 0 0
Survived (14)
GOS ≥4 (11)
Willemse RB [16] 1998 Retrospective 7 Adults Significant decrease in ICP (NA) 0 0
Survived (5)
GOS ≥4 (3)
Münch EC [17] 2001 Prospective 23 Adults Significant decrease in ICP (23) 2 0
Survived (15)
GOS ≥4 (10)
Murad A (18) 2008 Prospective 8 Adults Significant decrease in ICP (8) 0 0
Survived (NA)
GOS ≥4 (NA)
Tuettenberg J [5] 2009 Prospective 100 Children and adults Significant decrease in ICP (NA) 12 7
Survived (55)
GOS ≥4 (36)
Llompart-Pou JA [19] 2011 Retrospective 30 Adults Significant decrease in ICP (NA) 0 1
Survived (23)
GOS ≥4 (18)
Murad A [20] 2011 Prospective 6 Adults Significant decrease in ICP (NA) 0 0
Survived (4)
GOS ≥4 (NA)
Murad A [21] 2012 Prospective 15 Adults Significant decrease in ICP (NA) 1 0
Survived (12)
GOS ≥4 (NA)
  1. NA not applicable, GOS Glasgow Outcome Scale, ICP intracranial pressure, CH cerebral herniation