Skip to main content

Table 3 Studies with identified pathogens secondary to ELD

From: Some cool considerations of external lumbar drainage during its widespread application in neurosurgical practice: a long way to go

First author Year No. of Infected patiens Pathogen
Coplin WM [67] 1999 13 CNS (5)
S aureus (2)
CNS, Corynebacterium Species (1)
K pneumonia(1)
Actinobacter calcoaceticus (1)
Enterobacter cloacae (1)
P aeruginosa (1)
Group A Streptococcus (1)
Açikbaş SC [57] 2002 5 S aureus (2)
CNS (1)
Acinetobacter SPP (1)
Enterobacter SPP (1)
Schade RP [66] 2005 8 S aureus (3)
CNS (1)
Escherichia coli (1)
P aeruginosa (1)
Enterococcus faecalis (1)
Proteus mirabilis (1)
Scheithauer S [69] 2009 20 CNS (16)
S aureus (4)
Hetem DJ [68] 2010 72 CNS (33)
S aureus (17)
Gram-negative bacteria (11)
Other Gram-positive bacteria (11)
Multiple microorganisms cultured (14)
Llompart-Pou JA (19) 2011 1 CNS (1)
  1. CNS coagulase-negative staphylococci, S aureus staphylococcus aureus