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Table 1 Summary of studies on mobile phone use and brain tumor

From: The relationship between mobile phone use and risk of brain tumor: a systematic review and meta-analysis of trails in the last decade

Study Period covered Study type Age (years) No.of cases OR (95 % CI)
Söderqvis et al., 2011 [28], Nordic countries [4] 2004–2008 Case–control 7–19 352 cases; 646 controls 1.36; (0.92 to 2.02)
Elliott et al., 2010 [10], UK [5] 1999–2001 Case–control 0–4 1397 cases: 5588 controls 1.02 (0.88 to 1.20)
Takebayashi et al., 2006 [29], Japan [6] 2000–2004 Case–control 30–69 51 cases: 53 controls 0.7 (0.4 to 1.2)
Takebayashi et al., 2008 [30], Japan [7] 2000–2004 Case–control 30–69 322 cases;683 controls 1.22 (0.63–2.37) for glioma, 0.70 (0.42–1.16) for meningioma, and 0.90 (0.50–1.61) for pituitary adenoma
Schüz et al., 2006 [26, 27], Denmark [8] 1982–2002 Cohort ≥18 32 0.7 (0.5 to 1.03)
The INTERPHONE Study Group, 2010 [16], 13 countries [9] 2000–2004 Case–control 30–69 2708 glioma and 2409 meningioma cases and matched controls glioma 0.81 (0.70–0.94) and meningioma 0.79; (0.68–0.91)
Frei et al., 2011 [11], Danish [10] 1990–2007 cohort ≥30 10729 ≥13 years 1.03 (0.83 - 1.27) in men and 0.91 (0.41 to 2.04) in women.
≥10 years, glioma 1.04 (0.85 - 1.26) in men and 1.04 (0.56 -1.95) in women, meningioma 0.90 (0.57 to 1.42) in men and 0.93 (0.46- 1.87) in women
Deltour et al., 2009 [9], 4 countries [11] 1974–2003 cohort 20–79 59984 glioma 1.05 (0.98-1.08) among men and 1.02 (1.01-1.05) among women; meningioma 1.08 (0.96-1.13) among men, and 1.38 (1.32-1.44) among women
Schüz (b) et al., 2006 [26, 27], Germany [12] 2000–2003 Case–control 30–69 366 glioma cases, 381 meningioma cases, and 1,494 controls 0.98 (0.74-1.29) for glioma and 0.84 (0.62-1.13) for meningioma. ≥10 years, For glioma 2.20, (0.94-5.11); for meningioma 1.09 (0.35-3.37)
Larjavaara et al., 2011, [18] 7 countries [13] 2000–2004 case-case analyses 18–69 873 glioma cases, with 495 being regular mobile phone users and 378 reporting no regular use. no statistically significantly
Little et al., 2012, USA [20] 1997–2008 cohort ≥18 24 813 0.98 (0.72-1.25)
Inskip et al., 2010, [15] USA [15] 1977–2006 cohort Not mentioned 38788 Age 20–29, 1977–1991 diagnosis 2.52 (1.31, 3.76);1992–2006 diagnosis 1.78 (0.48, 3.10)
Carlberg et al., 2013, [7] Sweden [16] 2007–2009 Case–control 18–75 709 meningioma cases and 1,368 control subjects Mobile phone use 1.0 (0.7-1.4); cordless phone use 1.1 (0.8-1.5)
Carlberg et al., 2014, [8] Sweden [17] 1997–2003 and 2007–2009 case-case analyses 18–75 1678 glioma cases >20 years For glioma 1.7 (1.2–2.3); astrocytoma grade IV (glioblastoma multiforme; n = 926) Mobile phone use 2.0 (1.4-2.9); cordless phone use 3.4 (1.04-11)
Mild et al., 2007, [23] Sweden [18] 1997–2003 Case–control 18–75 2159 cases and 2162 controls >10 years, different kinds of brain tumor, analogue phones yielded 1.6, (1.02–2.5), digital phones 1.3, (0.5–3.2) and cordless phones 1.6, (0.9–2.8)
Hardell et al., 2013, [12] Sweden [19] 2007–2009 Case–control 18–75 593 malignant brain tumour cases, 1368 controls 1.8 (1.04-3.3) >25 years 3.3 (1.6-6.9)
Aydin et al., 2011, [1] 4 contries [20] 2004–2008 Case–control 7–19 352 cases and 646 controls 1.36 (0.92-2.02) >5 years 1.26 (0.7-2.28)
Hepworth et al., 2006, [14] UK [21] 2000–2004 Case–control 18–69 966 cases and 1716 controls 0.94 (0.78-1.13)
Richard et al., 2014, [25] UK [22] 2007–2009 a pilot study 0–24 49 cases and 78 controls Response rates were 52 % for cases and 32 % for controls.
Breastfeeding 0.4 (0.2-1.2) Caesarean section 1.6 (0.6-4.4).
Benson et al., 2013, [2] UK [23] 1999–2005 and again in 2009 cohort middle-aged women 791710 1.01 (0.9-1.4) For glioma 0.78, (0.55–1.10), For meningioma 1.10, (0.66–1.84), . For acoustic neuroma, 2.46, (1.07–5.64)
Cardis et al., 2011, [5] five interphone countries [24] 2000–2004 Case–control 30–59 553 glioma and 676 meningioma cases and 1762 and 1911 controls 0.93 (0.73 to 1.18) for glioma; 0.80 (0.66 to 0.96) for meningioma
Cardis (b) et al., 2011, [5] five interphone countries [35]   Estimation of RF energy absorbed in the brain    
Zhao et al., 2007 [31] [26]   Apoptosis Genes in Primary Cultures of Neurons and Astrocytes    
Liu et al., 2015 [21] [27]   Study on cell lines, U251-MG and U87-MG    
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