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Fig. 4 | Chinese Neurosurgical Journal

Fig. 4

From: Differences between CS-DAVF and TCCF——to reveal and redefine CS-DAVF

Fig. 4

The DSA and clinical symptoms before and after the embolization of left ICA cavernous sinus fistula. a Left internal carotid artery in orthophoria view. Arrow shows the left internal carotid cavernous sinus fistula opacify the contralateral cavernous sinus through intervcavernous sinus. b Arrow shows angiography of left internal carotid artery in lateral view. c The DSA in orthophoria view shows the fistulous orifice vanish and the internal carotid artery is unobstructed after detachable balloon embolization. d The DSA in lateral view shows the fistulous orifice vanish and the internal carotid artery is unobstructed after detachable balloon embolization. e X ray film in orthophoria view. Arrow shows the balloon. f X ray film in lateral view 1 week after embolization. Arrow shows the balloon. g Eye’s edema and hyperemia before embolization. h 1 week after embolization

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