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Fig. 2 | Chinese Neurosurgical Journal

Fig. 2

From: Pedicle screw accuracy assessment in ExcelsiusGPS® robotic spine surgery: evaluation of deviation from pre-planned trajectory

Fig. 2

Representative case of a female who presented with radicular pain, weakness, and mechanical back pain due to a degenerative spondylolisthesis at L4/L5. a Lateral x-ray demonstrating degenerative spondylolisthesis at L4/L5. b Axial post-operative CT with ideal transpedicular screw placement. c Post-operative AP x-ray of L4/L5 instrumented arthrodesis. d Post-operative lateral x-ray

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