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Table 1 Baseline and procedural data and outcomes of treatment with stenting in 5 patients

From: Dissection-related carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) following surgical revascularization of chronic internal carotid artery occlusion: a new subtype of CCF and proposed management

No.Gender/ageRisk factorsOcclusion sideQualified eventsCollateralsDuration (days)CCF flowCCF drainageET and stents§Seal of CCF/CCF syndrome/recanalization of ICAClinical FU (month)/event/CCF syndromeAngiography FU (month)/complete CCF seal/ICA patency
1M/60DM, HL, HTRTIAPCoA20LowInferiorEP 4.5 × 37 mm + Wallstent 7 × 50 mmPartial/pulsatile tinnitus/yes37/no/no24/yes/yes
2M/68HLRStrokePCoA210LowInferiorEP 4.5 × 37 mm + Wallstent 9 × 50 mmComplete/no/yes14/no/no12/yes/yes
3M/61CS, HL, HTLStrokePCoA14HighInter-cavernous, posteriorEP 4.5 × 37 mm*2 + Wallstent 7 × 50 mmComplete/no/yes16/no/no12/yes/yes
4M/70CS, HTLTIAACoA, Oph16IntermediateAnterior, inferiorEP 4.5 × 37 mm*2 + Wallstent 7 × 40 mmComplete/no/yes6/no/no6/yes/yes
5M/72CS, HLLStrokeACoA, PCoA, Oph43HighPosteriorEP 4.5 × 37 mm*2 + Wallstent 7 × 40 mmComplete/no/yes9/no/no6/yes/no
  1. ACoA anterior communicating artery, CS cigarette smoking, DM diabetes mellitus, FU follow-up, HL hyperlipidemia, HT hypertension, L left, M male, OAO ipsilateral ophthalmic artery or other external carotid-ICA collaterals, PCoA posterior communicating artery, R right, TIA transient ischemic attack
  2. Days from ICAO documentation to procedure
  3. High-flow CCF, rapid CS filling without filling of intracranial vessels; intermediate-flow CCF, rapid CS filling with filling of intracranial vessels; low-flow CCF, slow and sluggish CS filling with filling of intracranial vessels
  4. §ET endovascular therapy, EP Enterprise stents (Codman & Shurtleff, Raynham, MA), WS Wallstent (Boston Scientific Corporation, Natick, MA)
  5. Pulsatile tinnitus resolved 1 year later