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Table 3 Comparison of clinical presentation between pituitary apoplexy cases (n = 121) and controls (n = 242)

From: Risk factors for the incidence of apoplexy in pituitary adenoma: a single-center study from southwestern China

Symptom/signPituitary apoplexy (n = 121)control (n = 242)P
n%n%
Headache8771.913053.70.001*
Vomiting2319.0145.800.000*
Fever32.552.100.800*
Visual impairment8066.115564.00.698*
Diplopia21.772.900.474*
Ablepsia1210.0114.500.045*
Visual field defect5150.412451.200.882*
Acromegaly54.1187.400.223*
Cushingoid appearance0041.70.356
Sexual hypoactivityb0031.20.463
Hypopituitarism2016.52811.60.189*
Hypothyroidism3226.453112.810.001*
Amenorrheaa1615.847212.570.542*
Altered menstrual cyclea1411.572610.740.406*
Galactorrhoeaa1915.70239.500.026*
Gynecomastiab0000
  1. *Pearson’s chi-squared test
  2. aThese calculations include only women
  3. Pearson’s statistic with a continuity correction
  4. bThese calculations include only men