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Table 1 The types of neurosurgical approaches/procedures that were simulated on non-animal head models

From: The use of non-living animals as simulation models for cranial neurosurgical procedures: a literature review

No. Date Author(s) Animal’s head used Procedure applied
1 2003 Borucki and Szyfter [10] Swine Endoscopic surgery of the cerebellopontine angle
2 2005 Hicdonmez et al. [11] Cow Interhemispheric-transcallosal approach to the lateral ventricle
3 2006 Hicdonmez et al. [12] Cow Approach to the circle of Willis
4 2006 Hicdonmez et al. [13] Sheep Posterior fossa approach
5 2006 Hicdonmez et al. [14] Sheep Surgery for craniosynostosis
6 2008 Hamamcioglu et al. [15] Sheep Microneurosurgical dissection of cranial nerves in posterior fossa
7 2010 Regelsberger et al. [16] Swine Artificial tumor created by injection of colored fibrin glue
8 2011 Olabe et al. [17] Swine Cerebral aneurysm creation, clipping and vessel reconstruction
9 2012 Yatomi et al. [18] Swine Terminal aneurysms creation
10 2013 Turan Suslu et al. [19] Cow Retrosigmoid approach
11 2013 Scholz and Vavruska [20] Sheep Intraoperative ultrasound in neurosurgery
12 2014 Aurich et al. [21] Swine Transcallosal approach to the lateral ventricle, middle cranial fossa dissection, posterior cranial fossa dissection
13 2014 Silva et al. [22] Swine Skull base approaches
14 2014 Altunrende et al. [23] Sheep Approach to the orbit and the optic nerve
15 2014 Mücke et al. [24] Sheep Approach to the orbit and the optic nerve
16 2014 Vavruska et al. [25] Sheep Intraoperative ultrasound in neurosurgery
17 2015 Tatarli et al [26] Cow Bifrontal and fronto-lateral approaches
18 2015 Kamp et al. [27] Sheep Brain tumor resection
19 2018 Gökyar [28] Cow Sylvian fissure microdissection
20 2019 Elsayed et al. [29] Swine Posterior fossa surgery
21 2019 Altun et al. [30] Cow Microsurgical intrinsic and extrinsic brain tumor surgery
22 2019 Gökyar et al. [31] Cow Microsurgical sulcal-cisternal and fissural dissection