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Table 1 Definition of Markwalder’s Grading Scale-Glasgow Coma Scale

From: Expert consensus on drug treatment of chronic subdural hematoma

Patient’s grade


Markwalder’s Grading Scale

Grade 0


Normal neurological status without symptoms

Grade 1


Without neurological deficits, but with symptoms such as headache or unsteady gait

Grade 2


Focal neurological deficits, such as drowsiness or disorientation, or variable neurological deficits, such as hemiparesis

Grade 3


With stupor but appropriate responses to noxious stimuli and several focal neurological signs such as hemiplegia

Grade 4

< 9

Coma with absent motor responses to noxious stimuli and decerebrate or decorticate posturing

  1. Only patients with grade 0–2 CSDH were selected for atorvastatin treatment in this study