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Table 1 The histological types and frequency of intracranial (including supratentorial and infratentorial) and spinal tumors [n, n (%)]

From: Epidemiological characteristics of central nervous system tumors in children: a 5-year review of 3180 cases from Beijing Tiantan Hospital

Histological types Intracranial Spinal
Supratentorial Infratentorial
Diffuse astrocytoma 118 (3.71) 184 (5.79) 6 (0.19)
Anaplastic astrocytoma 17 (0.53) 23 (0.72) 2 (0.06)
Glioblastoma 61 (1.92) 35 (1.10) 1 (0.03)
Diffuse midline glioma, H3K27M-mutant 4 (0.13) 30 (0.94) 3 (0.09)
Oligodendroglioma 9 (0.28) 2 (0.06) -
Anaplastic oligodendroglioma 7 (0.22) 4 (0.13) -
Oligoastrocytoma 37 (1.16) 29 (0.91) 1 (0.03)
Anaplastic oligoastrocytoma 17 (0.53) 16 (0.50) -
Pilocytic astrocytoma 140 (4.40) 222 (6.98) 8 (0.25)
Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma 28 (0.88) - -
Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma 14 (0.44) - -
Subependymoma 1 (0.03) 2 (0.06) -
Myxopapillary ependymoma - - 2 (0.06)
Ependymoma 34 (1.07) 56 (1.76) 9 (0.28)
Anaplastic ependymoma 57 (1.79) 91 (2.86) 2 (0.06)
Astroblastoma 1 (0.03) - -
Choroid plexus papilloma 53 (1.67) 11 (0.35) -
Atypical choroid plexus papilloma 12 (0.38) 3 (0.09) -
Choroid plexus carcinoma 17 (0.58) 1 (0.03) -
Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor 86 (2.70) 3 (0.09) -
Gangliocytoma 4 (0.13) 3 (0.09) 2 (0.06)
Ganglioglioma 81 (2.55) 19 (0.60) 5 (0.16)
Anaplastic ganglioglioma - 1 (0.03) 1 (0.03)
Dysplastic cerebellar gangliocytoma (Lhermitte-Duclos disease) - 2 (0.06) -
Desmoplastic infantile astrocytoma and ganglioglioma 8 (0.25) 3 (0.09) -
Papillary glioneuronal tumor 39 (1.23) 18 (0.57) -
Central neurocytoma 6 (0.19) - -
Extraventricular neurocytoma 5 (0.16) 1 (0.03) -
Paraganglioma 1 (0.03) - -
Mixed glioneuronal tumor 39 (1.23) 17 (0.53) 1 (0.03)
Pineocytoma 2 (0.06) - -
Pineal parenchymal tumor of intermediate differentiation 8 (0.25) - -
Pineoblastoma 22 (0.69) - -
Papillary tumor of the pineal region 3 (0.09) - -
Medulloblastoma - 437 (13.74) -
Embryonal tumor with multilayered rosettes 11 (0.35) 3 (0.09) 1 (0.03)
Medulloepithelioma - 1 (0.03) -
CNS neuroblastoma 2 (0.06) 1 (0.03) -
CNS embryonal tumor, NOS 28 (0.88) 5 (0.16) 2 (0.06)
Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor 8 (0.25) 5 (0.16) 1 (0.03)
CNS embryonal tumor with rhabdoid features 1 (0.03) - -
Neurofibroma 1 (0.03) 2 (0.06) 6 (0.19)
Perineurioma 8 (0.25) 30 (0.94) 20 (0.63)
Meningioma 59 (1.86) 1 (0.03) 6 (0.19)
Mesenchymal, non-meningothelial tumors 11 (0.35) 22 (0.69) 20 (0.63)
Lymphomas 6 (0.19) 2 (0.06) 1 (0.03)
Langerhans cell histiocytosis 2 (0.06) - -
Germinoma 35 (1.10) 2 (0.06) -
Non-germinoma germ cell tumors 199 (6.26) 5 (0.16) 14 (0.44)
Craniopharyngioma 472 (14.84) - -