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Table 3 Clinical presentation and demographics

From: Pedicle screw accuracy assessment in ExcelsiusGPS® robotic spine surgery: evaluation of deviation from pre-planned trajectory

  Age/ Gender BMI Symptoms Frankel Grade KPS Surgical Indication Operation EBL OR time
Case 1 69F 38 LLE pain, weakness, bladder incontinence D 60 L4–5 unstable spondylolisthesis L4–5 laminectomy, L4–5 posterolateral fusion 400 ml 403 mins
Case 2 76F 33 RLE pain, weakness, bladder incontinence D 60 L4–5 unstable spondylolisthesis L4–5 laminectomy, L4–5 posterolateral fusion 100 ml 207 mins