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Table 1 Clinical characteristics and outcome of the patients treated with twist drill craniostomy for traumatic acute subdural hematoma

From: Twist drill craniostomy for traumatic acute subdural hematoma in the elderly: case series and literature review

Case Age Sex Medical history Reason for avoiding or refusing large craniotomy Reasons for TBI The location of TASDH Hematoma volume (ml) Imaging characteristics of TASDH Preoperative GCS Cerebral herniation Injury/surgery time interval (min) Midline shift (mm) Postoperative deficit Operation time (min) Infusions of urokinase Total drainage time (d) Hematoma evacuation rate (%) Rebleeding Intrcanial infection GOS at 6 months after surgery mRS at 6 months after surgery
1 71 F aSAH, CHF, HT, DM CHF, old age, pre-injury antiplatelet therapy, Stumble Right 81 Mixed high-low densities 4 + 60 10 Full recovery 13 1 85 5 0
2 83 M CI, DM CI, pre-injury antiplatelet therapy, old age Stumble Left 54 Mixed high-low densities 8 50 12 Full recovery 18 + 5 70 5 0
3 85 F HT, DM, sICH DM, medical expenses, old age Stumble Left 73 High densities 4 + 70 20 Partial recovery 19 + 2 74 5 1
4 87 M CI, CHF CI, CHF, old age, pre-injury antiplatelet therapy Stumble Left 67 High densities 12 30 15 Full recovery 16 + 4 81 5 0
5 72 M CI, HT, CHF, DM CI, CHF, DM, pre-injury antiplatelet therapy Stumble Right 53 Mixed high-low densities 10 60 18 Full recovery 14 2 87 5 0
6 89 M HT, TBI, CHF CHF, old age Stumble Left 62 High densities 9 90 12 Partial recovery 6 1 79 4 2
7 65 M HT, CHF, DM CHF, old age Stumble Left 78 Mixed high-low densities 13 120 15 Full recovery 15 1 90 5 0
  1. CI cerebral infarction, CHF congestive heart failure, DM diabetes mellitus, GCS Glasgow Coma Scale, GOS Glasgow Outcome Scale, HT hypertension, TASDH traumatic acute subdural hematoma, TBI traumatic brain injury, aSAH aneurismal subarachnoid hemorrhage, sICH spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage